Sunday, January 29, 2012

Tafseer: Do not fear the blame of the blamers

بـسـم الله والحـمـد لله والـصلاة والـسـلام عــلى رسـول الله، وبـعـد

Allaah تعالى says:

﴿يأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ مَن يَرْتَدَّ مِنكُمْ عَن دِينِهِ فَسَوْفَ يَأْتِى اللَّهُ بِقَوْمٍ يُحِبُّهُمْ وَيُحِبُّونَهُ أَذِلَّةٍ عَلَى الْمُؤْمِنِينَ أَعِزَّةٍ عَلَى الْكَـفِرِينَ يُجَـهِدُونَ فِى سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ وَلاَ يَخَـفُونَ لَوْمَةَ لائِمٍ ذلِكَ فَضْلُ اللَّهِ يُؤْتِيهِ مَن يَشَآءُ وَاللَّهُ وَسِعٌ عَلِيمٌ﴾
{O you who believe! Whoever from among you turns back from his religion (Islaam), Allaah will bring a people whom He will love and they will love Him; humble towards the believers, stern towards the disbelievers, fighting in the way of Allaah, and never fearing the blame of the blamers. That is the Grace of Allaah which He bestows on whom He wills. And Allaah is All-Sufficient for His creatures' needs, All-Knower.} [Surah al-Maa’idah (5):54]

Imaam Ibn Katheer رحمه الله said in his Tafseer:

{Fighting in the way of Allaah, and never fearing the blame of the blamers} nothing prevents them from obeying Allaah, establishing His Law, fighting His enemies, enjoining righteousness and forbidding evil. Certainly, nothing prevents them from taking this path, neither someone who seeks to hinder them, nor one who blames or chastises them.”
--end of quote

Shaikh Al-Sa`dee رحمه الله said in his Tafseer:

{fighting in the way of Allaah} with their wealth and their lives, with their speech and their actions.

{and never fearing the blame of the blamers} rather, they go forth, seeking the pleasure of Allaah and fear His blaming over the blaming of the creation. And this shows the strength in their concern and their determination. The weak heart means weak concern, which breaks the determination upon hearing the blame of the blamers, and which fades away the strength upon the rebuking of the rebukers. In their hearts there is worship of other than Allaah, because of what is in there from the deference for the creation and putting ahead their pleasure and blames over the commandments of Allaah. A heart is not safe from worshiping other that Allaah (i.e. shirk) unless a person, for the sake of Allaah, does not fear the blame of the blamers.”
 --end of quote

Allaah تعالى also says:

﴿فَاصْدَعْ بِمَا تُؤْمَرُ وَأَعْرِضْ عَنِ الْمُشْرِكِينَ - إِنَّا كَفَيْنَـكَ الْمُسْتَهْزِءِينَ﴾
{Therefore proclaim openly (Allaah’s Message) that which you are commanded, and turn away from the Mushrikeen. We will suffice you against the mockers} [Surah al-Hijr (15): 94]

Imaam Ibn Katheer رحمه الله said in his Tafseer:

Allaah commanded His Messenger to convey what He sent him with, to proclaim and spread the Message, which means confronting the idolaters with it.

Ibn `Abbaas said that the Aayah: {Therefore openly proclaim that what you have been commanded} means, “Go ahead with it.”

According to another report it means, (افْعَلْ مَا تُؤْمَرُ) “Therefore proclaim that which you commanded.”

Mujaahid said: “It is reciting the Qur’aan aloud during prayer.”

Abu `Ubaydah reported that `Abdullaah bin Mas`ood said: “The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم was still practicing and preaching Islaam secretly until this Aayah was revealed: {Therefore openly proclaim that which you are commanded} then he and his Companions came out into the open.”

Allaah's statement:

{and turn away from idolaters. Truly, We will suffice you against the mockers} meaning - convey that which has been revealed to you by your Lord, and do not pay attention to the idolaters who want to turn you away from the signs of Allaah.”
--end of quote

Shaikh Al-Sa`dee رحمه الله said in his Tafseer:

“Then Allaah has commanded His Messenger not to show them or other than them any concern and to proclaim that which Allaah has commanded him (with) and to publicize that to everyone and not to allow any obstacles prevent him from his goal or to allow the statements of the scoffers to hinder him…”
--end of quote

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